If we talk about the list of most popular instruments among the people, then the guitar is ranked highly on the list. There is hardly a man who does not recognize the sound of the guitar, regardless of whether it is a music lover or not. And that says enough about its popularity. The body of the guitar is made of wood, and over it are stretched strings. The sound is produced by fingering the strings with one hand while the fingers of the other hand press strings on the neck of the guitar.
Throughout history, there have been many instruments that can be considered ancestors of the guitar. There were various versions – some had 4 and some even 18 strings. Today’s form, the one that is well-known, guitars are received around 1850.
What they all had in common is that they were made of wood. The body of the guitar is made usually of spruce or cedar because this wood is soft and resonant enough. This is particularly important in the selection of the upper panel of guitars, as it is believed that 80% of the sound depends exactly on that part of the guitar. Sides and rear panel can be made from another tree. For this purpose are used Brazilian rosewood, Madagascar rosewood, South American mahogany and maple. Regardless of which wood is used, it should primarily be well processed. Today, this is accomplished with belt sanders such as those that can be found in the Belt Sander World.
String instruments have a long history. Their use can be seen even on pictures of the ancient Egyptian. These instruments generally resemble at wooden vessels over which was laid a piece of wood and few strings. The first ancestor of the guitar is the lute. It had a short neck, rounded rear side and a lot of strings. Today’s guitars have 6 strings, a long neck and a flat rear side. It seems that they are much simpler for making, partly because they are flat and have fewer strings, and partly because in their construction can be used modern tools for sanding like this one.
In Central Asia and Northern India guitars had their variant with a longer neck. Name of the guitar comes from the Sanskrit word “Tar” , which means string. At this word is added a prefix that indicates the number of strings on the instrument. “Dotar” has been instrumental with 2 strings, “qithara” or “chitarra” were terms that indicated instrument with four strings. From Egypt and Mesopotamia, lute arrived in Europe. Their shaping in modern guitars took place mostly in Spain. Guitars had 4 strings firs, and the final form of the 6 strings was set up by Antonio Torres Jurado in 1850.
From Torres’s guitars until today, nothing has changed much in the appearance of the acoustic guitar. She remained almost unchanged, with differences in the size and material of which it is made. Regardless of that, it always gives the well-recognizable sound.